Corporate Social Responsibility Report
As a large-scale and leading integrated information services operator in the world, China Telecom all along persists in incorporating the environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) responsibilities into corporate operation and management, and has established and continues to optimise effective risk management and internal control systems in relation to ESG. With rapid development of mobile Internet and swift upgrade of information consumption, the Company continues to promote corporate transformation and accelerates business upgrade, endeavouring to provide premium network information services for users and striving to be a leading integrated intelligent information services operator.
The Company has strictly complied with the provisions of the Environmental, Social and Governance Reporting Guide as set out in Appendix 27 (“ESG Reporting Guide”) to the Listing Rules of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 2019, and considers the concerns of stakeholders and the environmental, social and governance issues identified by the Company in the course of operations as a basis for reporting. In 2019, the Company further refined its own System of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Indicators, improved the internal process for collecting and monitoring the data on ESG performance and strengthened procedures on ESG data collection, review and application to ensure detailed information on how the Company fulfills its responsibility in the aspect of environmental, social and governance as required under the relevant provisions has been disclosed. This report is a yearly report which covers the Company and its subsidiaries (branches) for the period from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019. For details of compliance with ESG Reporting Guide, please see the ESG Reporting Guide Index in this report. There are no significant changes in the scope of this report from the ESG Report published in the 2018 annual report.
This report has been reviewed and approved by the Board for publication.
I. Promoting responsibility management
The Company strictly complies with the provisions of the Environmental, Social and Governance Reporting Guide as set out in Appendix 27 to the Listing Rules of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, earnestly studies and proactively makes reference to the Consultation Conclusions on Review of the Environmental, Social and Governance Reporting Guide and Related Listing Rules published by the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in December 2019, and strengthens ESG management. The Board of Directors of the Company attaches high importance to the work on Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”), and is responsible to evaluate and determine the Company’s ESG-related risks, ensuring the Company has established effective ESG risk management and internal control systems and formulated the Company’s ESG management policy and strategy. The Board also regularly reviews the Company’s performance and approves the disclosure of ESG reports to ensure the Company’s level in fulfilling ESG responsibility is persistently improved. We reported the work plan to the Board during the preparation stage of this report and also reported to the Board upon the finalisation of this report. This report was reviewed and approved by the Board.
The Company establishes an ESG working group which is managed by senior management, while the Corporate Strategy Department coordinates with relevant departments in the headquarters, provincial branches, professional companies and units directly under the headquarters participating in ESG reporting work. ESG working group is authorised to be responsible for implementing the Company’s ESG strategies, promoting ESG performance management and monitoring information disclosure and relevant fundamental work.
The Company established its own system of ESG Indicators, set up the information statistics system for ESG performance and refined procedures on ESG data’s collection, review and application. In accordance with A Step-By-Step Guide to ESG Reporting issued by the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 2018, the Company perfected its information disclosure and regulated the disclosure of detailed information on how the Company fulfills its responsibility in the aspect of ESG governance.
The Company promotes communication with its investors, customers, employees, government and regulatory institutions, communities and other stakeholders through various channels including announcements, reports, meetings, seminars, visits, service hotlines, questionnaires and events. The Company earnestly listens to the expectations and needs of the stakeholders, sorts out the opinions and suggestions from all parties and actively responds to the concerns raised.
Stakeholders’ Expectations on the Company and Our Response
|Stakeholders||Communication Mechanism and Method||Expectations on the Company||Our Response|
|Investors||• Statements and announcements
• Reports and visits
• Daily communication
• Investor conferences
|• Value retention and appreciation
• Regulating corporate governance
• Operational risk prevention
• Regulating information disclosure
|• Operate steadily and continue to create value for shareholders
• Improve corporate governance level and continuously improve internal control system
• Protect the rights of investors, especially small and medium investors, in accordance with laws
• Strictly comply with the disclosure requirements of corporate information
|Customers||• Customer service hotline
• Account manager’s visits
• Customer surveys
• Customer communication activities
|• Suitable and good business products
• Enhancement of service quality
• Tariff charges reduction
• Harmful information prevention
• Personal privacy protection
|• Promote business and products innovation
• Promote transparent consumption
• Set reasonable and preferential tariff charges
• Regulate value-added service cooperation management
• Protect customer information in accordance with laws
• Employeemanagement conversations
• Employee opinion surveys
• Complaints and grievances
|• Legal rights protection
• Realisation of professional development
• Management participation
• Caring for employees
|• Regulate labour
• Optimise income distribution and welfare protection mechanism
• Reinforce employee training and improve career development
• Count on the function of employee representative congress
• Improve work conditions
|Government and Regulatory Institutions||• Meetings
• Statements or reports
• Reports and visits
|• Compliance with laws
• Government management requirement implementation
• Facilitation of industry development
• Promotion of Employment
|• Govern the corporate
in accordance with
laws, and operate with
• Pay taxes in accordance with laws, and foster employment opportunities
• Provide innovative informationalised products and services, promote high-quality economic development
• Actively provide advice and suggestions
|Supply Chain||• Business
• Business trainings
• Seminars or forums
|• Equal and mutually
• Co-creation of value
• Promotion of industry development
|• Cooperate with
integrity, create mutual
benefit and achieve
• Actively create an industrial ecosphere and promote industry development
|Peers||• Forums or conferences
• Dispute coordination and resolution
• Special topic working groups
|• Lawful and fair
• Reinforcement in communication and cooperation and promotion of healthy development of the industry
|• Actively communicate
• Promote inter-connection and inter-communication
• Actively engage in co-building and co-sharing
• Community co-build activities
• Social welfare activities
• Telecommunications universal services
• Emergency communications assurance
• Assisting vulnerable groups
|• Implement energy
emission reduction as
well as environmental
• Actively fulfill universal services obligation
• Maintain smooth communication
• Promote poverty alleviation and help the disabled and people in need
In accordance with the ESG subject areas contained in the ESG Reporting Guide, while taking into consideration the expectations and needs of stakeholders based on the characteristics of our business and the industry as well as the impact of our business operations on the economy, environment and society, the Company assesses ESG issues that are relevant and material to the Company’s business operations from the dual perspectives of its importance to stakeholders and its impact on the Company’s business operations, and selects and establishes a materiality matrix (see below) as the basis for the Company’s ESG report’s disclosure.
The main issues of this report are presented in the following table:
|Environmental, social and governance areas listed in the Environmental, Social and Governance Reporting Guide of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange||Main environmental, social and governance issues for the Company|
|Subject Area A: Environmental|
|A1 Emissions||• Promoting energy conservation and emission reduction|
|A2 Use of Resources||• Conservation of natural resources|
|A3 The Environment and Natural Resources||• Emphasising environmental protection in
• Promoting the co-building and co-sharing of communication infrastructure
|Subject Area B: Social|
|B1 Employment||• Safeguarding the rights of employees in
compliance with laws
• Caring for employees’ well-being
|B2 Health and Safety||• Enhancing production safety and health and safety management|
|B3 Development and Training||• Actively promoting employees’ development|
|B4 Labour Standards||• Child and forced labour prevention|
|B5 Supply Chain Management||• Promoting responsible supply chain|
|B6 Product Responsibility||• Building advanced 5G Network
• Speed upgrade and tariff reduction
• Promoting universal services
• Maintaining network information security
• Assuring emergency communications
• Protecting the rights of customers
• Enhancing service capabilities
|B7 Anti-corruption||• Operating with integrity and in compliance
• Integrity governance and anti-corruption B8 Community Investment
|B8 Community Investment||• Participation in social welfare activities|
This report is a yearly report which covers the policies, measures and performance on the ESG-related issues of the Company and its subsidiaries (branches) for the period from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019 (reporting period).
This report actively complies with the requirements of the ESG Reporting Guide of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in relation to the reporting principles of “materiality”, “quantitative”, “balance” and “consistency”. Based on the materiality principle, the Board of the Company determined the importance of ESG issues, and this report disclosed our communication with stakeholders, the identification process of the material issues and the materiality matrix. Based on the quantitative principle, the Company strived to quantify its ESG performance indicators as much as possible. The statistical standards, methods, assumptions and calculation tools, as well as the sources of conversion factors for quantifying the key performance indicators are all disclosed in this report. Based on the balance principle, this report strived to provide an unbiased picture of the Company’s ESG performance during the reporting period and avoided selection, omissions or presentation formats that may inappropriately influence the decision or judgement of the readers. Based on the consistency principle, the Company kept the statistical methods used for the data disclosed in this report consistent, and if there was any inconsistency, explanations were made.
For details of compliance with the ESG Reporting Guide of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, please refer to the ESG Reporting Guide Index in this report.
II. Operating with integrity and in compliance with laws
China Telecom governs the corporate in accordance with laws and regulations, persists in operating in compliance with laws and integrity through abidance by relevant laws and regulations and industry regulations. We have established an all-rounded and seamless compliance system featuring, among others, internal control, audit supervision, anti-corruption and comprehensive risk management. The Company has established a sound, long-term and effective communication mechanism in order to regulate the disclosure of corporate information and is open to government supervision and public scrutiny.
In accordance with Company Law of the People’s Republic of China, Accounting Law of the People’s Republic of China, Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China, Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China, Anti-Monopoly Law of the People’s Republic of China, Anti-Unfair Competition Law of the People’s Republic of China, Securities Law of the People’s Republic of China and Code of Corporate Governance for Listed Companies in China published by the China Securities Regulatory Commission and other laws and regulations and the regulatory requirements governing internal control of listed companies in capital markets such as the United States and Hong Kong, the Company established its Internal Control Manual to ensure that the Company’s operation and management is in compliance with laws and regulations, the assets are secured, and the financial reports and relevant information are accurate and complete.
In compliance with the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China, Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China and other laws and regulations, the Company implemented systems and measures including Guidance Opinions of China Telecom on Strengthening Intellectual Property Work, Operation Guidelines of Intellectual Property Management in Product Development, Administrative Measures on Trademark Management of China Telecom Group, Interim Measures for the Patent Management of China Telecom Group. The Company established a sound intellectual property management system and strictly protected intellectual property rights. Focusing on the risk of intellectual property rights infringement, the Company issued risk alert in a timely manner and organised propaganda to promote the protection and requirements of use of intellectual property rights in respect of logos, pictures, fonts and audiovisual materials used in operation and management. The Company organises activities to promote the rule of law and governance annually, such as the “World Intellectual Property Day” and the “National Intellectual Property Rights Promotion Week”, to raise the awareness on intellectual property rights among all employees. In 2019, the Company strengthened the exploration and landscape of patents in relation to 5G, artificial intelligence, Big Data, blockchain and other fields, conducted trainings on patents, strictly controlled the quality of patents and enhanced the protection of intellectual property rights of popular technologies.
The Company strictly executed the laws and regulations on integrity governance and anti-corruption and strengthened the development of systems, mechanisms and culture and other aspects in order to strictly prohibit the occurrence of any forms of corruption such as bribery, extortion, fraud and money laundering. The Company established and optimised five major mechanisms including anti-corruption education and prevention, system monitoring, discipline and accountability, fault tolerance and correction, and inspection and check. We conducted integrity and discipline education, formulated code of conduct such as integrity manual, and opened a public WeChat account called “China Telecom with Integrity”. We set up a whistleblowing postal mailbox, emails and hotline to address any report of whistleblowing allegations and relevant complaints against its employees as well as relevant criticism, opinions and recommendations on integrity construction and anti-corruption work.
In 2019, according to the laws and regulations and the requirements of regulatory authorities, in line with the changes in business operations, the Company continuously strengthened compliance management, perfected the Internal Control Manual and other rules and regulations and continuously assessed the implementation of rules and regulations, and timely rectified the problems once identified.
III. Providing high quality network assurance
China Telecom promoted the construction of fundamental network and new style fundamental infrastructure, promoted universal services and continuously worked on network “Speed Upgrade and Tariff Reduction”, maintaining network information security and assuring emergency communications in order to provide high quality network assurance for customers and economic and social development.
Building advanced 5G Network
On the basis of the preliminary preparation groundwork of 5G technology trial and commercial launch preparation, we obtained the business operation permit for 5G networks in June 2019 and thereafter quickly promoted the 5G network construction. Meanwhile, we fully commenced the co-build and co-share cooperation with China Unicom on 5G base stations to expedite the progress of 5G network construction and concurrently achieved significant reduction in resources deployment. As of the end of 2019, the Company possessed more than 60,000 5G base stations with service capabilities and launched 5G networks in more than 50 cities nationwide.
The Company strived to promote the research and development of 5G technology, led a total of 42 5G international standardisation projects and works, independently researched and developed the network slicing management platform, edge computing business management platform, and open platform for capabilities, and released the radio frequency reference design of 3.5GHz 5G indoor small base station. The Company proactively promoted the 5G standalone (SA) mature industry chain and achieved the SA deployment based on IPv6 and cloud network integration as well as the inter-cooperation of 5G and 4G.
Promoting Speed Upgrade and Tariff Reduction
In 2019, the Company consolidated and improved the quality of 4G network, continued to enhance in-depth coverage level of 4G network and improved network quality, particularly in data traffic-intensive and voice-intensive zones such as high-speed trains, expressways, colleges and universities, high-density residential areas, high data traffic commercial areas and subways by applying dynamic bandwidth expansion in our base stations on a monthly basis, thus providing a good experience to our customers. To achieve the full commercialisation of VoLTE service (calls based on 4G network), the Company further enhanced the fibre broadband coverage in urban cities and rural towns, and integrated customers’ needs to actively deploy Thousand-Mbps fibre broadband network. The Company further reduced handset data tariff and achieved the target of reducing the average tariff of handset data by at least 20%. The Company actively carried out the “Upgrade Speed and Benefit Enterprises” activities and continued to reduce the standard tariff for Internet dedicated lines, and achieved the goals of reducing tariffs for dedicated lines for SMEs and broadband by 15% respectively.
Promoting universal services
The Company continuously promotes the construction of communication networks in rural areas. The Company has set up local services points for rural villages adapting to local conditions and proactively promoted informatisation applications and e-commerce development in rural areas to promote the prosperity of rural villages. The Company vigorously carries out network poverty alleviation by accelerating the promotion of universal service projects in remote and impoverished villages and improving the broadband access coverage in those areas. During the year, the fourth batch of universal services and the construction of around 4,500 4G base stations were completed ahead of schedule. In the parent company’s targeted counties for poverty alleviation, namely Yanyuan and Muli Counties of Sichuan Province, Shufu County of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Tianlin County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and in counties supported by the parent company, namely Banbar County of Tibet Autonomous Region and Jiuzhi County of Qinghai Province (“6 targeted counties for poverty alleviation and offer of support and assistance”), the Company achieved the coverage of fibre broadband and 4G network in all administrative villages ahead of schedule.
Maintaining network information security
The Company complies with the Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China and other laws and regulatory requirements, conscientiously implements the requirements of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Public Security and other authorities on network and information security. We actively cooperate with government authorities, including to combat cybercrimes and decontaminate the cyberspace. In 2019, we separately established the Network and Information Security Management Department to further improve the network and information security management system by optimising the system mechanism, enhancing accountability and continuously improving the corporate network and information security capabilities. We also strengthened the daily monitoring of network and information security, promoted technology and application research, enriched network and information security means, provided customers with a series of protection and services, such as anti-DDoS attack (distributed denial-of-service attacks), website security, domain name security and caller ID safety reminders, and actively discovered and intercepted adverse contents such as malicious links, malicious codes, fraud information and phishing websites transmitted through the network, striving to create and protect a clean cyberspace.
Assuring emergency communications
The Company is truly committed to the mission of providing safe and smooth communications assurance and is devoted to fight against a number of severe natural disasters such as earthquakes, typhoons, floods and landslides and to safeguard important events. In 2019, we successfully accomplished disaster relief and emergency telecommunications assurance for the forest fire in Liangshan Prefecture of Sichuan Province and Changzhi of Shanxi Province, the earthquake of 6.0 magnitude in Changning of Sichuan Province, the super typhoon named Lekima and the mudslide caused by torrential rain in Wenchuan of Sichuan Province and Yanjin of Yunnan Province. We also successfully provided telecommunications assurance for important events including 70th anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, 20th Anniversary of Macao’s Return to the Motherland, the 7th Military World Games, the Second China International Import Expo, the Second Belt and Road Summit, International Horticultural Exhibition 2019 Beijing China, Boao Forum for Asia, the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilisations and World Internet Conference. During the year, more than 69,000 personnel, 22,000 vehicles and 17,000 sets of emergency communication equipment were deployed for emergency communications.
IV. Providing heartfelt services to customers
China Telecom has a profound understanding of the customers’ needs. While being dedicated to providing customers with various communication and information application businesses, the Company focuses on protecting customer rights, enhances the construction of service capability and promotes intelligent service, continuously improving service quality and service level.
Protecting the rights of customers in accordance with laws
The Company strictly conforms to the laws and regulations regarding consumer rights and interests such as Law of the People’s Republic of China on Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests and Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, dedicates to provide products and services in compliance with laws and regulations, performs compliance checks on advertisement campaigns and continuously standardises business tariff management. The Company listens to users’ opinions via channels like “Hotline 10000”, online and physical stores, etc., and continuously carries out events such as “Customer Rights Day”, “General Manager’s Service Day” and “Listen to Hotline 10000”.
The Company strictly complies with the Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China and other laws and regulatory requirements, implements the relevant regulatory requirements of the government, continuously perfects the users’ personal information protection management system, and strengthens the protection of users’ personal information. In 2019, the Company thoroughly implemented the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Security Management of Personal Information of Users and the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Information Security Management of Users and other regulations and supervised enterprises at all levels to implement the division of responsibility on protection of users’ personal information in order to ensure that business, operations and systems must thoroughly and unanimously protect information security. We pragmatically regulated behaviours of collecting, storing, transmitting, using and destroying user information and strictly controlled the authorisation permission rights for sales staff to access and edit customers account information in order to “collect information for a proper purpose, store and use the information properly, record the use of information, and investigate the abuse of power”.
In response to customers’ feedback on services, the Company actively promoted improvement and rectification. In 2019, the Company focused on the rectification of issues such as “complicated service packages which were difficult for the users to choose”, “infringement of users’ rights of marketing initiatives of value-added businesses”, “harassment calls or spam messages which disturbed users” and “excessive collection and illegal use of users’ personal information data”, and achieved remarkable results. Among which, the performance indicators such as the number of service packages for sale, the number of complaints on value-added businesses and the number of disputes involving unclear charges recorded a significant decrease compared to last year. Performance indicators such as the number of complaints of harassment calls and spam messages reported by Ministry of Industry and Information Technology as well as the rate of complaints by millions of users were at a relatively low level in the industry.
The Company strengthened the compliance management of collection and use of personal information for corporate APP. In 2019, we formulated a series of policies such as the Rules for the Collection and Use of Personal Information for APPs of China Telecom and the Administrative Measures for the Compliance Management on the Collection and Use of Personal Information of APPs for our Customers, which effectively improved the compliance level of the APPs in terms of standard specifications, implementation and execution, education and training, technical support and establishment of a long-term mechanism. We comprehensively identified and checked the Company’s self-developed APPs and carried out risk assessment and problem rectification. The Company organised compliance management trainings on topics related to the collection and use of personal information of APPs, carried out random inspections on the APPs, conducted assessments on a rolling basis and shut down, suspended or switched unqualified APPs. We improved compliance management efficiency by strengthening the construction of corresponding technical support measures, establishing a compliance management platform for corporate APPs to collect and use personal information, conducting technical inspections on the authorisations to use and collect personal information and regulating the manners of the Company’s self-developed APPs to obtain personal information.
Enhancing services capabilities
Insisting on the customer-oriented principle, the Company improved service shortcomings and enhanced service quality and customer experience. A customer experience evaluation mechanism that covers the users’ multi-dimensional experiences such as long-term, comprehensive, specific and instant experiences has been established. In 2019, in respect of individual customers, we focused on the launch of 5G services which brought good perception to the users. Following the principle of “whether 5G is good or not, users have the final say”, the Company organised and offered full-process and full-scenario customer experience and arranged interviews with those users. We highlighted the usage scenarios from the customers’ perspective, benchmarked against leading practices, collected real experience perception from the users, quickly responded to customers’ problems and gradually promoted problem solving so as to achieve persistent enhancement of 5G perception. In respect of household customers, the Company formulated and implemented the services standards for Smart Family applications and promoted the transformation from installation and maintenance services to the delivery of integrated solutions for household informatisation. Meanwhile, the Company carried out user satisfaction evaluation on the installation and maintenance of the Smart Family applications and achieved a satisfaction rate of above 90%. In respect of government and enterprise customers, the Company strengthened collaborative services of cloud-network integration and enhanced the timely installation rate and timely repair rate of business dedicated lines and end-to-end services for Wi-Fi networking, so as to enhance the self-service capability.
The Company continuously enhanced its intelligent service capability through using AI (artificial intelligence). We continuously developed “Smart Hotline 10000” using artificial intelligence and Big Data technologies, deepened the operation of artificial intelligence and increased the proportion of intelligent interactive services. In 2019, the “Smart Hotline 10000” customer service centres in 31 provinces achieved artificial intelligence interactions, and the intelligent voice navigation services accounted for 40% with a satisfaction rate of over 90%. The project of “unify empowerment with artificial intelligence technology and comprehensively improve the corporate services capabilities” was awarded “1st Class Achievement for Innovation in the Modernisation of Corporate Management in the Communication Industry” (16th Session) by China Association of Communication Enterprises. The Company strengthened the new media customer service capabilities, and the scale and service volume of new media users continued to increase. China Telecom’s customer service public accounts at Weibo and WeChat were awarded the “2019 Most Influential Second-tier New Media Account of State-owned Enterprises” by the news centre of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
According to the assessment conducted by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in 2019, the rates of overall user satisfaction and the user satisfaction with the Company’s handset Internet access continued to maintain a leading position in the industry.
V. Caring for employees
China Telecom safeguards the interests of its employees in accordance with laws, attaches great importance to building harmonious labour relations, supports labour unions in carrying out their functions, encourages employees to participate in the management and actively helps employees to improve their capabilities, so that the Company and the employees can grow together.
Safeguarding the rights of employees in compliance with laws
The Company strictly complies with and implements the relevant laws and regulations regarding labour and protection of the employees’ rights and interests including the Labour Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Labour Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China and the Trade Union Law of the People’s Republic of China, and protects the rights and interests of employees with respect to labour rights, democracy rights and spiritual culture rights in accordance with the laws. The Company strictly implements the Notice on Standardisation of Labour Management in Strict Compliance with the Labour Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China, improves labour management, and conducts workforce employment in accordance with laws and regulations. The Company also ensures that all contract employees have their labour contracts signed and their remunerations and social security insurances paid in full and in a timely manner. The Company continually implements the Notice on Issues concerning Labour Dispatch Management, improves the business operation models and job role classification, clearly determines the employment form of each role, standardises the designated agreements signed with agency workers, checks and supervises these dispatch units and dispatch workers to sign employment contracts, and pays remuneration and social security insurances in a timely manner in order to protect the rights and interests of contract or agency workers. The Company adheres to principles of gender equality and equal pay for equal work, protects the privacy of employees in accordance with laws and implements the paid annual leave system. The Company prohibits child labour and forced labour in accordance with laws. In 2019, no child labour or forced labour was found. The Company supports the labour unions in carrying out their functions in accordance with laws, encourages employee participation in management and continuously establishes stable and harmonious relationship with the employees.
Promoting employees’ development
The Company strengthens the development of the high-level professional teams. In 2019, we implemented the High-Level Professional Talent Management Measures and enhanced the development of the professional teams. The Company implemented the “Hundred, Thousand and Ten Thousand Professional Talents Project”, appointed 1 China Telecom Scientist, 8 Chief Experts and more than 800 Senior Experts and promoted the building of the expert teams at provincial level companies in an orderly manner. The high-level professional talents tier of the Company has been preliminarily formed. We increased our efforts in cultivating our talents at different levels and grades and carried out the training programs for high-end transformation talents named “Spark Programme” and “Prairie Fire Programme” in order to accelerate the cultivation of professional leading talents in the fields of 5G, cloud computing and Big Data. We also organised and carried out the professional knowledge update projects. The Company optimised its talent pool by recruiting fresh graduates and strengthened the cultivation of young technical talents. We innovated the mechanism for retaining and cultivating outstanding talents and provided opportunities for talents to pursue their career goals by adopting mechanisms such as talent special zone, talent workstation and “talent cloud” platform to support the Company’s key projects, offering a platform for talents to develop their potential.
The Company strengthens employees’ training. The Company fully exerted the online and offline training capabilities of China Telecom College and China Telecom Online College and developed training courses focusing on enhancing abilities for various job levels and skills for all positions. In 2019, we focused on the Company’s key tasks such as cloud-network integration reform, business development of Smart Family applications, capabilities enhancement of Unit CEOs and targeted poverty alleviation. We achieved remarkable results with efforts to conduct various professional trainings online or offline where theories and practical applications are organically integrated. During the year, more than 700 internal trainers at the Company level and more than 400 internal trainers on probation at the Company level were recruited or re-appointed and more than 260,000 hours of lectures were delivered by the internal trainers at all levels. Our Online College continued to build a smart learning platform to accurately empower frontline employees. More than 130,000 people studied in the Online College and the average learning time per employee exceeded 18 hours.
The Company actively promotes skills and value enhancement of employees. In 2019, the Company revised the China Telecom Employees’ Honour System to extensively enhance the honour incentives for our employees in diverse positions. The Company continuously deepened the featured reform model of three dimensional inter-driven forces comprising “subdivision of performance evaluation units, professional operation and top-down support”, strengthened the integrated support for sub-dividing performance evaluation units and supported their business development. The Company strengthened the incentives to Unit CEOs and employees from various angles such as remuneration, career development, training and honours and encouraged them to fully develop their enthusiasm and skills and continuously improve their performance and personal values. We implemented the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Skills Competition and other measures, continued to hold various types of work competitions, skills competitions and knowledge contests, fully mobilised the function of innovation workshops, guided the staff to improve their capabilities and quality and encouraged them to strive for innovations in their daily job. During the year, more than 26,000 innovation results or cases were recorded, and over 2,500 results were recognised and promoted. More than 200 employees were awarded the title of “Technical/Labour Master of the Group” and more than 1,500 employees were awarded the title of “Technical/Labour Pacesetter of the Group”. By the end of 2019, a total of over 1,300 staff innovation workshops were built.
Enhancing production safety and health and safety management
The Company conscientiously and strictly implements the Work Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China, fully fulfills the core responsibilities for corporate safety production, develops sound accountability systems, implements safety responsibilities at all levels, strictly implements safety production assessment and punishment system and continually solidifies the foundation of safety production management. The Company continually carries out supervision and assessment on the safety production of the professional categories and units, so as to timely eliminate hazards. The Company widely promotes publicity and education of relevant laws and regulations, internal policies and rules on production safety and persistently increases the employees’ awareness on safety and emergency prevention techniques. The Company strengthened the safety management of engineering projects, strictly implemented licences obtaining system for special operation employees, perfected the accidents emergency drill and strengthened emergency drills. In 2019, there was no occurrence of severe work-related casualties and accidents.
The Company attaches great importance to occupational health and safety management and formulated the Interim Provisions on “Simultaneous Execution of Three Aspects” of Occupational Safety, Hygiene Facilities and Main Construction Projects and the Interim Provisions on Personal Protective Equipment for Employees, organising supervision and inspections on the work sites of our employees, supervising the design and installation units to design and install in accordance with the standards including for indoor lighting, noise, temperature and humidity and continuously improving the workplace environment and work conditions, thus effectively eliminating the occurrences of occupational illness. The Company conducts on-site inspections from time to time, urged units to allocate necessary protective equipment for workers in accordance with the relevant requirements and standards and supervised workers to wear and use the protective equipment properly. Every year, the Company provides free medical examinations for all employees and ensures the coverage ratio of medical examinations reaches 100%. The Company continuously conducts counselling activities concerning mental health of the employees and assistance work, and proactively helps the employees reduce their stress and pressures.
Caring for employees’ well-being
The Company perfects the closed-loop management mechanism from gathering, analysing, processing and giving feedback to understand employees’ needs and establishes communication channels such as seminars, surveys, visiting employees’ family, frontline visits, face-to-face communication, reception visits, handling incoming mail or email, striving to enhance communication and to thoroughly understand the thoughts, working and living conditions of employees as well as the hot topics and problems that the employees most care about. Enterprises at all levels actively helped the employees solve practical problems or difficulties through regularising visits, responding to hot issues, helping employees in need and other measures. We provided convenient services to employees and strengthened our care for outstanding model workers, young employees and outsourced employees. Over 15,000 employees who lived in hardship were helped during the year. The Company also provided sympathy allowances to 14 provincial companies in Sichuan, Zhejiang, and etc. which suffered from natural disasters such as earthquakes, typhoons and floods. The sympathy allowances were given to those affected families and frontline employees who helped with telecommunication recovery. The Company continually built and promoted “FourSmalls”, namely small canteens, small bathrooms, small washrooms and small activity rooms, in order to actively improve the dining and office environment of employees. During the year, the Company built more than 1,600 “Four-Smalls”, operated, refurbished and maintained more than 4,400 “Four-Smalls”. We also constructed oxygen supply facilities in the grass-root units at an elevation of 3,500 meters or above in five provinces or autonomous regions, i.e. Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu and Xinjiang. The Company organised the collection and selection of outstanding case studies for caring employees. Around 2,000 outstanding case studies were collected, of which 46 outstanding case studies were recognised and promoted. The Company continually built infant rooms according to the special needs of female employees, organised cultural and sports activities in which the employees were interested, assisting employees in achieving work-life balance and increasing their well-being.
VI. Practicing green development
China Telecom complies with the Environmental Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Energy Conservation Law of the People’s Republic of China and other laws and regulations related to environmental protection, practises the concept of green development and proactively devotes itself to the establishment of ecological civilisation. The Company endeavours to build a green network, pushes forward green operation, sets up environmental indicators, analyses and releases collected performance data on a regular basis, proactively communicates with the society of its environmental protection actions and effectiveness and willingly opens itself to public scrutiny. In September 2019, the Company participated in the initiatives for tackling climate change led by GSM Association (GSMA). The Company is committed to actively disclosing energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and proactively saving energy and reducing emissions. There was no violation of environmental protection laws and regulations as well as no incident having a material impact on the environment caused by the Company during the year.
Promoting energy conservation and emission reduction
The Company implemented measures such as the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction. With “dual control” on total energy consumption and energy consumption intensity as the basic requirement, through means like rules and regulations, work plans, communication and trainings, assessment and evaluation, energy saving promotion etc., the Company applies energy conservation and emission reduction requirements to link through various operational activities such as procurement, construction, operation and office administration. The Company strengthened its efforts in monitoring measurements on energy consumption, promoted the upgrade, transformation and withdrawal of old and high energy-consuming equipment, insisted on preferring the use of energy-efficient and environmental-friendly technology and equipment, actively applied energy-saving technologies in the facilities of machine rooms and base stations, extended the coverage of the energy-saving technological application for fundamental ancillary facilities, and promoted innovation of management of energy conservation and emission reduction. The Company endeavours to reduce energy consumptions of all kinds as well as greenhouse gas emission.
In 2019, the Company compiled an energy saving rolling plan in relation to energy conservation and emission reduction for the next three years in the future in order to clearly define the goals and key measures of “dual control” on total energy consumption and energy consumption intensity and to strengthen the coordination and implementation of the work on energy conservation and emission reduction. We continued to optimise network structure and network resources and promoted the orderly elimination of inefficient equipment and the withdrawal of old equipment. We also intensified the promotion of sub-dividing performance evaluation units for energy consumptions and specified the persons in charge of grid electricity tariff management in accordance with the work requirements of “whoever manages the machine rooms, network and specialisations will be in charge of the electricity management” to further enhance the effectiveness of energy-saving management. The Company actively implemented and promoted new technologies of energy saving and emission reduction for facilities and equipment such as Internet data centre and air conditioners in machine rooms. The Company continued to utilise the contractual energy management model and actively introduced social capital and technologies to carry out the reform of energy conservation and emission reduction. In 2019, the unit energy consumption per information flow was 4.91 kgce/TB, representing a decrease of 16.9% over last year. Due to the expansion of mobile network scale, the construction of 5G networks, and the rapid growth of cloud and IDC services, etc., total electricity consumption and overall energy consumption in 2019 increased by 14.1% and 11.3% over last year, respectively.
Conservation of natural resources
The Company promotes water conservation, strives to reduce water consumption per unit operating revenue, actively promotes and advocates water conservation by posting reminders regarding water conservation near water facilities and appliances. The Company continually strengthens the management on water usage, carries out sewage disposal and treatment, promotes the reuse of water, actively uses reclaimed water as an alternative source of water in place of tap water while meeting the requirements on use of water, promotes and popularise the use of water-saving appliances and performs regular checks and repairs on each part of the water supply system to prevent occurrences of water leakage and water wastage. In 2019, the total water consumption decreased by 1.22 million tons over last year, representing a decrease of 2.8% compared to last year while the water consumption per unit operating revenue decreased by 2.5% over last year.
The Company encourages paper saving by actively promoting reduction of paper use in operation and office facilities sites. The Company promotes measurements on its paper use. The amount of paper used in 2019 was approximately 5,000 tons. The Company, from the perspectives of technology and regulations, actively encourages paper saving and reduces paper use. In 2019, we continually promoted electronic accounting files management, VAT electronic invoice, electronic bills and paperless operation, successfully launched a pilot system for e-reimbursement and filing of e-invoice and promoted automatic process of tax declaration in order to reduce the use of paper.
The Company enhances the recycling, disposal and utilisation of waste and used materials in order to conserve resources as much as possible and reduce environmental pollution. The Company strictly follows the Law on the Prevention and Control of Environment Pollution Caused by Solid Wastes of the People’s Republic of China and other laws and regulations regarding waste disposal and utilisation and carries out waste disposal in accordance with regulatory requirements. The Company implemented the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Reverse Logistics and the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Waste and Idle Recycling and Disposal, specified the guidelines, division of responsibilities and management of the recycling and disposal of waste materials and the qualifications of recyclers, standardised the forms and procedures of disposal, and refined the approval authority and process of disposal decisions to effectively prevent disposal risks. The Company formulated the incentive policy for cleaning up idle materials which specified the incentive standards, and encouraged all levels of enterprises to actively dispose, recycle and utilise the waste and used materials based on actual circumstances and relevant regulatory requirements. In 2019, the Company continually enhanced the professional management of waste, promoted the recycling, utilisation and harmless disposal of such waste and old materials such as batteries, copper cable and devices. Since traditional lead-acid batteries contain large amounts of heavy metal, waste acid, waste alkali and other electrolyte solutions, the batteries will pollute the environment if handled inappropriately. The Company, on the one hand, conducted overall on-site inspection of environmental protection practices of the battery supplier, and continually purchased green and energy-saving products such as lithium iron phosphate batteries; and on the other hand, the Company established a management system for battery recycling and disposal to prevent pollution to the environment. The Company arranged waste copper cables generated from the “Fibre Roll-out” campaign to third parties for recycling and disposal. The Company implemented wireline terminals closedloop management and strengthened the recycling and reuse of equipment through measures such as refurbishment and cross provincial re-allocation, etc. Waste and used materials without recoverable value were properly disposed of in strict accordance with national regulations after taking full account of the environmental impact. In 2019, the Company recycled and disposed of various types of waste and used materials over 100,000 tons.
Emphasising environmental protection in engineering construction
The Company has taken proactive environmental protection measures regarding issues in telecommunications engineering construction responding to concerns of the government and the public, such as farmland protection, equipment pollution, construction impact and electromagnetic radiation to ensure compliance with the government’s regulatory requirements and to actively communicate with the public.
In the area of farmland protection, the existing residence and barren land will be preferred in site selection for base stations, in order to minimise the occupation of additional farmland as much as possible.
In the area of equipment pollution, non-polluting equipment with no noise and no electromagnetic radiation and free of pollutants is preferred.
In the area of construction impact, areas such as mineral reserves, forest, grasslands, wildlife habitats, natural and cultural relics, natural reserves and scenery areas are intentionally avoided when conducting routing roll-out deployment for fibre cables, so as to avoid changing the surrounding environment as much as possible.
In the area of electromagnetic radiation, the Company monitors and assesses the electromagnetic radiation around the base station, enhances communication with the community, opens itself to public scrutiny, strictly controls the quality of network equipment by imposing controls from the source and actively takes advanced technical means to refine the layout of base station, ensuring the emission standard is stricter than the national emission standards.
Promoting co-building and co-sharing of communication infrastructure
The Company earnestly implemented the implementation measures of promotion of co-building and co-sharing of telecommunications infrastructure promulgated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council. We closely worked with other telecommunications operators and China Tower Corporation Limited and actively promoted the co-building and co-sharing of communication infrastructures such as base stations, channels and pole lines, to effectively reduce repeated construction in order to protect the natural environment and landscape, and to reduce the land use, energy, and raw materials consumption. In 2019, the Company provided more than 23,000 kilometres of co-shared pole line, more than 1,300 kilometres of co-shared pipeline, and more than 700 sets of shared indoor distribution system.
VII. Promoting responsible supply chain
The Company strictly follows the Bidding Law of the People’s Republic of China and procurement-related laws and regulations, implemented regulations such as the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Procurement, consistently adhered to supply chain management concepts focusing on value-added, transparent and green procurement, committed to a trusted relationship with suppliers to achieve win-win situations and actively communicated with and encouraged its suppliers to fulfill social responsibilities together. In 2019, under the organisation of the Committee of Corporate Social Responsibility of China Association of Communications Enterprises, the Company participated in the drafting of the industry standard of the Social Responsibility Evaluation System of China Information and Communication Industry Enterprises to encourage the information and communication industry to proactively fulfill their social responsibilities.
Regarding value-added procurement, the Company implemented the requirements such as the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Quality of the Purchased Materials and the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Inspection for the Quality of the Purchased Materials in 2019 in order to improve the mechanism for selecting and reviewing suppliers including pre-purchase inspections by reviewing suppliers’ qualifications, conducting site visits and product evaluation reviews, and post-purchase inspections by testing the quality of the products upon arrival, quality checks, post-purchase review of suppliers and day-to-day evaluation. The Company continuously enhanced the application of procurement data from quality inspection and evaluation of suppliers in procurement evaluation so as to encourage the suppliers to improve their services and performance.
Regarding transparent procurement, in 2019 the Company strictly complied with requirements of regulations such as the Administrative Measures of China Telecom on the Procurement Bidding and Tendering, the newly revised Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Tendering Agency and Administrative Measures of China Telecom on Tender Evaluation Expert and the Pool of Tender Evaluation Experts, and the newly formulated Regulations on the Participation of Suppliers in Procurement Activities of China Telecom, and constantly promotes open bidding and transparent procurement. The Company ensured bidding process for 100% of the projects which it ought to have used bidding process for as required by law, encouraged bidding on a consolidated basis of small value projects and bidding with pre-qualification on service projects and carried out regular supervision and inspections. Public procurement rate and public bidding rate were further improved. The Company has established an information sharing mechanism of reported non-compliant and dishonest suppliers with major domestic operators so as to promote cooperation with suppliers in good faith.
Regarding green procurement, the Company actively encourages the supply chain to jointly respond to climate change, constantly promotes the application of green procurement indicators in the procurement process and preferentially purchases resource saving and environmentally friendly products. In 2019, we included environmental impact factors into the procurement evaluation and adopted environmental assessment standards such as ISO14000 Environmental Management System Certification, Environmental Impact Assessment Report issued by the government and the “Green Factory” list of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, so as to identify and control the products that may pose environmental risks during the production process and encourage suppliers to enhance their awareness and capability of environmental protection. Energy efficient power modules purchased in 2019 accounted for almost 100% of all the direct current power modules purchased and the unit energy consumption of the key professionally procured equipment such as mobile devices and air conditioners in machine rooms was 4% lower than that in 2018.
VIII. Participation in social welfare activities
The Company participates in social welfare activities. We implement the Welfare Donations Law of the People’s Republic of China and other laws and regulations and the Administrative Measures on Donation of China Telecom Group under the principles of “voluntariness, clear responsibility, action within capabilities, honesty and trustworthiness”, support the development of technology, education, culture, sports and health care through various ways, and actively help the vulnerable, disabled and disadvantaged. The Company encourages its employees to carry forward the spirit of volunteerism, and actively participates in volunteering activities of different kinds.
The Company deepened its engagement in poverty alleviation and support in targeted areas. Out of the parent company’s 6 targeted counties for poverty alleviation and offer of support and assistance, five of them are located in deeply impoverished areas in “three districts and three prefectures”, which increased the difficulties in poverty alleviation due to the severe difficulty in natural conditions in these areas. The Company fully cooperated with the parent company to assign the cadre team to carry out poverty alleviation work in the 6 counties. The Company conducted poverty alleviation through projects focusing on network, informatisation, industry, employment, intelligence, social welfare and consumption in order to improve the living conditions in these areas, develop the economy and help local residents to alleviate poverty and increase income. During the year, the Company assisted in introducing more than RMB70 million worth of industrial investment, trained more than 6,000 grass-root cadres and technicians and directly purchased and helped to sell agricultural and sideline products amounting to nearly RMB100 million in poverty-stricken counties, achieving remarkable success in poverty alleviation. In addition, in 132 counties and 1,204 villages in some other provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), the Company also cooperated with the parent company to assign full-time and part-time poverty alleviation cadres to thoroughly implement measures for poverty alleviation to help local people to combat and overcome poverty.
The Company actively alleviates poverty by leveraging on our competitive edges in network and informatisation so as to accelerate the development in less developed areas. While implementing telecommunications universal service projects, the Company offered discount packages for poverty alleviation through its 35,000 offline stores to help the deeply impoverished regions to accelerate the pace of poverty alleviation. The Company continually promotes the application of the Big Data Management platform for targeted poverty alleviation to all regions which makes it possible for the poverty alleviation administration authority to precisely manage at village, household and individual levels and to facilitate the measurement implementation. By the end of 2019, the Big Data poverty alleviation management platform was deployed to more than 1,030 counties in 16 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), benefiting more than 39 million registered population living in poverty. The Company fully supported the construction of information platform in relation to the “Learning Mandarin at Preschools Stage” initiative of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development. The pilot project in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province was awarded the 2019 National Poverty Alleviation Organisation and Innovation Award. We continued to support information system for poverty alleviation developed by the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development and provided technical support to China Social Poverty Alleviation Websites to help the development of poverty alleviation activities. The Company continually promotes farmer cooperatives and assists the economy development in rural areas based on their actual needs.